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中国译协对外传播翻译委员会中译英研讨会系列讨论词汇选登(20)

来源:中国翻译协会对外传播翻译委员会   发布时间:2015-12-23

(十八届三中全会文件翻译要点摘选)
1.对新形势新任务,全面建成小康社会,进而建成富强民主文明和谐的社会主义现代化国家、实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦,必须在新的历史起点上全面深化改革,不断增强中国特色社会主义道路自信、理论自信、制度自信。
Faced with a new environment and new tasks, we must deepen the reform comprehensively at this new historical starting point, and continuously strengthen confidence in the path of, theory on and system of socialism with Chinese characteristics so as to finish building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, and eventually make China a modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced and harmonious, and realize the Chinese dream of the nation’s great renewal (revival/revitalization).
2.坚定信心,凝聚共识,统筹谋划,协同推进,坚持社会主义市场经济改革方向,以促进社会公平正义、增进人民福祉为出发点和落脚点,进一步解放思想、解放和发展社会生产力、解放和增强社会活力,坚决破除各方面体制机制弊端,努力开拓中国特色社会主义事业更加广阔的前景。
We should have full confidence, forge consensus, make holistic planning, and pursue development in a coordinated way. We will keep to the direction of reform towards the socialist market economy, take the promotion of social fairness, justice and improvement of people’s lives as the starting point and ultimate goal, further free the mind, continue to release and grow the productive forces, release and strengthen vigor of society, overcome various systemic defects and institutional deficiencies, and strive to open up broader prospects for the cause of building socialism with Chinese characteristics.
3.紧紧围绕建设社会主义核心价值体系、社会主义文化强国深化文化体制改革,加快完善文化管理体制和文化生产经营机制,建立健全现代公共文化服务体系、现代文化市场体系,推动社会主义文化大发展大繁荣。
We will deepen reform of the cultural sector to building the socialist core values and make China a country with influential culture. We will accelerate improvement of the system for managing the cultural sector and the mechanism for cultural production and operation, establish a sound modern public cultural service system and a modern cultural market system and improve them, and thus bring about great development and enrichment of socialist culture. 
4.紧紧围绕建设美丽中国深化生态文明体制改革,加快建立生态文明制度,健全国土空间开发、资源节约利用、生态环境保护的体制机制,推动形成人与自然和谐发展现代化建设新格局。
We will deepen ecological environment management reform to build a beautiful China. We will accelerate system building to promote a sound ecology, improve institutions and mechanisms for developing the country’s territory, conserving resources and protecting the ecological environment and promoting modernization featuring harmonious development between man and nature.
5.坚持以人为本,尊重人民主体地位,发挥群众首创精神,紧紧依靠人民推动改革,促进人的全面发展;坚持正确处理改革发展稳定关系,胆子要大、步子要稳,加强顶层设计和摸着石头过河相结合,整体推进和重点突破相促进,提高改革决策科学性,广泛凝聚共识,形成改革合力。
We will always put people first, respect the people’s principal position in the country, give full rein to their creativity, promote reform with full support of the people, and promote well-rounded development of the person. We should strike a balance between reform, development and stability, implement reform boldly yet steadily,  both strengthen top-level planning and advance through a process of trial and error, promote both comprehensive advance and breakthroughs at key points, improve decision-making, form broad-based consensus and synergy for carrying out reform.
6.当前,我国发展进入新阶段,改革进入攻坚期和深水区。必须以强烈的历史使命感,最大限度集中全党全社会智慧,最大限度调动一切积极因素,敢于啃硬骨头,敢于涉险滩,以更大决心冲破思想观念的束缚、突破利益固化的藩篱,推动中国特色社会主义制度自我完善和发展。
China has entered a new phase in its development endeavors and a period of overcoming major difficulties and a deep-water zone in its reform drive. We must, with a strong sense of historical mission, pool the wisdom of the entire Party and the entire society to the broadest extent possible, mobilize all positive factors, be ready to face tough choices, ford dangerous rapids, shatter fetters of an outdated ideological mindset with greater determination, overcome the barriers of entrenched interests, and promote the self-improvement and development of the system of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
7.到二0二0年,在重要领域和关键环节改革上取得决定性成果,完成本决定提出的改革任务,形成系统完备、科学规范、运行有效的制度体系,使各方面制度更加成熟更加定型。
By 2020, decisive progress will have been achieved in the reform of important areas and crucial links. The reform tasks put forward in this Decision are to be completed within this period, and systems that are structurally complete, procedure based and with effective operation will be in place, to ensure that institutions in all areas become more mature and well established.
8.公有制为主体、多种所有制经济共同发展的基本经济制度,是中国特色社会主义制度的重要支柱,也是社会主义市场经济体制的根基。公有制经济和非公有制经济都是社会主义市场经济的重要组成部分,都是我国经济社会发展的重要基础。必须毫不动摇巩固和发展公有制经济,坚持公有制主体地位,发挥国有经济主导作用,不断增强国有经济活力、控制力、影响力。必须毫不动摇鼓励、支持、引导非公有制经济发展,激发非公有制经济活力和创造力。
The basic economic system with public ownership playing a leading role and various ownership growing side by side is an important pillar of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics and the foundation of the socialist market economy. Both the public and non-public sectors are key components of the socialist market economy and an important basis for boosting China’s economic and social development. We must unswervingly consolidate and develop the public economy, maintain the leading position of public ownership, give full play to the leading role of the state-owned sector, and continuously increase its vitality, leveraging power and impact. At the same time, we must unwaveringly encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector, and stimulate its vigor and creativity.
9.国有资本、集体资本、非公有资本等交叉持股、相互融合的混合所有制经济,是基本经济制度的重要实现形式,有利于国有资本放大功能、保值增值、提高竞争力,有利于各种所有制资本取长补短、相互促进、共同发展。
An economy of mixed ownership with cross holding by and integration of state-owned capital, collective capital and non-public capital is an important form of China’s basic economic system. It enables state-owned capital to expand function, maintain and increase its value and raise its competitiveness, and it also enables capital of various ownership to draw on one another’s strength, complement one another and develop together.
10.在符合规划和用途管制前提下,允许农村集体经营性建设用地出让、租赁、入股,实行与国有土地同等入市、同权同价。
Rural collectively owned profit-oriented construction land will be allowed to be transferred, leased and converted into shares, provided/on the precondition that it conforms to planning and its use is regulated. This is to ensure that it can enter the market with the same rights and at the same prices as state-owned land.
 
 

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