Resolution of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Major Issues Concerning the Enhancement of all-round Law-based Governance
make coordinated efforts to exercise law-based governance, political power and administration
based on China’s realities
draw on the fine legacy of the Chinese legal culture
improve the socialist system of laws with Chinese characteristics, at the heart of which is the Constitution/ with the Constitution at its heart
The people are major participants in conducting law-based governance and provide the source of strength for it.
expand the definition of a bribe from “property” alone to “property or/and other things of benefits”
upholding the legal system with the following features: administration of justice is based on facts and law, findings are consistent with facts, substantive justice is served as shown in the outcome of cases handled and due procedures are observed in handling cases
intensify efforts to maintain law and order
press ahead with efforts to promote the socialist rule of law in China
establish a system of socialist rule of law with distinctive Chinese features
build a country, government and society under the rule of law
The socialist market economy is a law-based economy.
apply the theory of developing socialist rule of law with distinctive Chinese features
heighten public awareness of the rule of law
encourage people to have faith in shared ideals and convictions, live by socialist core values and abide by the socialist rule of law
Using political integrity as an important criterion, we will select to positions of leadership those who observe the rule of law in both thinking and action.
competent personnel for enforcing the rule of law
Legislative, judicial and law enforcement personnel
personnel working to enforce the socialist rule of law
Only law-based governance and the rule of law under the leadership of the Party can ensure that the people fully exercise their power as masters of the country and that steady progress will be made in promoting the rule of law in the country and society.
We should handle people’s complaints filed and concerns expressed through letters or in person in accordance with the law to ensure that their reasonable and legitimate complaints and concerns are addressed according to due legal procedures and provisions.
Certain laws and regulations do not fully reflect objective laws or the will of the people, are not well targeted and are weak in terms of enforceability.
The law is vital to the governance of a country, and good laws are a prerequisite for good governance.
We should let the people see that justice is served in every case tried.
We must resolutely crack down on brokering justice and prevent the tunneling of interests/transferring of vested interests.
We must do away with all hidden rules and make it absolutely impermissible to grant leniency by bending the law or handle any case under the influence of personal connections, personal favor or bribe.
We must show zero tolerance towards judicial corruption and root out corrupt elements.
emerging problems and adverse trend
Pursuing vested interests and vying for power while shirking responsibilities by government departments concerned are major problems affecting law making.
There are still problems of some officials knowingly breaking the law, overriding the law with their own arbitrary views, placing power above the authority of law and abusing the law for personal gains.
The leadership of the CPC is established by/provided for in China’s Constitution.
thoroughly redress acts of nonfeasance and misfeasance/address inaction and abuse of power
strengthen efforts to develop the system of socialist consultative democracy
establish a sound system of benchmarks for exercising discretionary government power
Judicial justice enhances social justice, while judicial injustice cripples it.
hold the law in awe and reverence and never challenge or cross the red line of the law
We should raise the credibility standards of the public, keep a good record of citizens’ and organizations’ observance of law and credibility, and refine mechanism that commend those who obey the law and have credibility and punish those who break the law or lose credibility. This will ensure that the people willingly respect and abide by the law.